The environmental challenge, the growth caused by the rise of ecommerce and the technological challenge are three of the major challenges that the logistics sector is facing. Also, in an increasingly competitive environment, logistics companies need to be efficient. This implies that regulations and streamline procedures must be improved and count with the support of the Administration to face the transformation costs that all these great challenges represent.
These are key issues that the logistics is facing in 2020:
-Sustainability in logistics processes. The European Lean & Green initiative, aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from logistics processes, already has 37 business partners committed to sustainability. The measures include processes such as training in efficient driving, introduction of new fuels, optimization of vehicles and routes, centralization of logistics platforms or the installation of LED lights in warehouses and the purchase of electricity from renewable sources.
-Transport. In this area, and until electric trucks with enough autonomy arrive, gas-powered vehicles are increasingly numerous and can lead to considerable emission savings.
Another way is the increasingly common use of duotrailers and megatrailers that, in addition to reducing the number of trucks on the road, reduce emissions.
Revitalization of cabotage (short sea shipping-SSS) should also be mentioned to cut pollutant emissions. The so-called motorways of the sea (namely the embarking of vehicles on ships) represents an obvious environmental improvement and one of the ways to make the logistics sector more sustainable.
-Cybersecurity. Another main challenge is cybersecurity improvement. The 'hackers' attack suffered in June 2017 by the company Maersk, with an estimated impact of 250 million euros, was a warning to be taken into account for the entire logistics sector.
-Less bureaucracy. The improvement of customs procedures is a demand that the logistics sector is making the Administration because of its great impact that the optimization of routes, times, costs and emissions.
-Technology investment. Logistics and transport companies must invest in technology in order not to lag behind and lose competitiveness. Artificial intelligence and process automation, together with big data and the Internet of things, are creating an increasingly advanced sector in which errors are minimized and delivery times are reduced to the maximum.